Animals in the Park

Over 6000 species

The Maritime Alps host an exceptional concentration of animal and plant species in a relatively small area: the number of animal species present is estimated at about 6000, and continues to grow with the discovery of new entities belonging to less spectacular groups, such as Arthropods (including spiders and shrimps, among others). Of the 90 species of Central European Mammals, 55 are found in the Maritime Alps, including 20 species of the Chiroptera order, or bats. Typically alpine species such as the ibex (Capra ibex), the mountain hare (Lepus timidus), the ermine (Mustela erminea) and the snow vole (Chionomys nivalis) are found in the Park alongside species characteristic of the Mediterranean environment or the plains, such as the garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus), the wild boar (Sus scrofa) and the mouflon (Ovis musimon), each one finding a congenial habitat.

200 bird species have been observed in the various Park environments, woods or rock faces, lakes or alpine meadows, scree or scrubland, of these over a hundred nest here: from the majestic golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) to the small dipper (Cinclus cinclus), from the elusive white ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) to the wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria).

The reptile (8) and amphibian (4) species are relatively numerous for an alpine environment, thanks to the influence of the mild marine climate. One can truly say that few European protected areas can boast a quantity and a variety of animal species comparable to that of the Maritime Alps Nature Park.