Alpi Marittime in numbers
• 28,000 hectares of alpine territory that Parco delle Alpi Marittime protects and enhances.
• 33,000 hectares included in the Natura 2000 SCI/SPA IT1160056 Alpi Marittime site.
• 3 valleys in the Park: Gesso, Vermenagna and Stura.
• 5 municipalities whose territory is partially in the protected area: Aisone, Entracque, Valdieri, Vernante, Roaschia.
• 35 kilometres of contact between the borders of Parco delle Alpi Marittime and Parc du Mercantour.
ENVIRONMENT AND SCENERY
• 24 peaks over 3,000 metres; all panoramic view-points over the Mediterranean.
• 7 glaciers, the southernmost in the Alps.
• 80 glacial lakes and 3 artificial reservoirs, ranging from a few square metres to several hectares.
• 49% of the Park is covered by rock, scree and glaciers.
• 23% is woodland.
• 17% of the territory is made up of meadows and pasture.
Ambiente e paesaggio (5 foto)
• 4,000 chamois (average).
• 550 ibex (average).
• 6 species of ungulate besides chamois and ibex we also find: roe deer, wild boar, red deer and mouflon.
• 10 (around) wolves frequent the Park valleys. Other carnivores equally hard to see are: badgers, foxes, pine martens, beech martens, least weasel and stoats.
• 20 species of bat counted, representing three quarters of the species known in Piedmont.
• 200 bird species observed; among these about a hundred nest here.
• 63 European priority bird species, among which 8 nesting raptor species.
• 3 species of Alpine Galliformes: snow partridge, black grouse and rock partridge.
• 10 pairs of golden eagles.
• 41 bearded vultures released between 1993 and 2012 at the Alpi Marittime-Mercantour release sites.
• 5 fish species living in some of the lakes and rivers: brown trout, marble trout, rainbow trout, bullheads and minnows.
• 9,000 species of invertebrate, recent studies in Alpi Marittime and Mercantour, have brought to light 30 new species.
• 300 species of spider** counted in Alpi Marittime, 2 formerly unclassified.
Fauna (5 foto)
FLORA AND VEGETATION
• 1,800 higher plant species corresponding to over 30% of the Italian flora.
• 10 endemic species with a limited distribution (only found in the Maritime Alps). Among the better known are: Saxifraga florulenta, Viola valderia, Primula allionii.
• 40 orchid species of the 90 or so found in Italy.
• 780 species of mushroom.
• 140 species of lichen, corresponding to 12% of the species known in Piedmont.
• 80% of the woods on the mountainsides are made up of beech.
• 5% of the forests are conifers: silver fir, spruce, larch, Swiss pine, and mountain pine.
• 500 species on show in the botanic gardens “Valderia” at Terme di Valdieri.
Flora del Parco delle Alpi Marittime (30 foto)
PEOPLE AND THE TERRITORY
• 3 prehistoric sites: the grotte di Aisone, grotte del Bandito, and the necropolis in Valdieri.
• 3 former royal hunting lodges which belonged to the House of Savoy.
• 3 rye thatched roofs rebuilt using traditional techniques at the Rye Ecomuseum.
• 100 military constructions (bunkers, barracks, …).
• 10 alpine refuges.
• 7 bivouac huts.
• over 400 kilometres of waymarked paths.
• 1 hydroelectric plant, one of the biggest in Europe.
Uomo e territorio (5 foto)