Mammals on tiptoes

Male ibex peeking out of a high-altitude fortification | APAM Archive, E. Piacenza

The Maritime Alps Park is home to all six species of ungulates found in the Alps: in addition to chamois, ibex and roe deer, there are also wild boar, deer and mouflon. All these animals are called "ungulates" because they move on hooves which are a transformation of their nails: in other words, they are mammals "on tiptoe".

Wild boar, mouflon and deer have arrived in the current protected area in more or less recent times, following re-introductions by humans.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), extinct in the area, has been reported sporadically since the 1930s, probably following migrations due to fires in the Dauphiné and is now quite widespread in all the valleys up to 2000 metres above sea level.

The mouflon (Ovis musimon), a Mediterranean species whose current taxonomic status is still much debated, was reintroduced for hunting purposes towards the middle of the last century in the then hunting reserve of Boréon (France) and then migrated to the Italian side of the Alpine sector. The population suffered a decline following the arrival of the wolf, which found the mouflon an excellent prey.
The reintroduction of red deer (Cervus elaphus), is more recent, carried out for hunting purposes in the Alpine Reserves and Hunting Reserves not far from the protected area: its area has now expanded and sporadically affects part of the Park territory.


The lord of the rocks.


Once the king's favourite quarry, today the chamois is the Park's symbol. The only ungulate that has always been present in the Park.

Roe deer

Don't call me "Bambi".

Wild boar

A widespread presence

Red deer

The king of the forest.


A mediterranean species in the Alps.